European Social Hunts: The game is plentiful and rich with tradition!
By Robert (Doc) Mann
As the European hunting season comes to an end each year, Revier holders
review the level of success achieved in the management of the game population
(Harvest /Abschuess plan) within their respective hunting land. The directors
of State and Federal forest land also conduct the same review, to determine if
the appropriate game quota is achieved prior to the arrival of the harsh winter
Often, both individual and State/Federal forest harvest plans are not
completed by the end of October. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct one of
the two forms of Drive hunts (Drueckjagd or Treibjagd) to obtain the annual
game management goal.
Dive hunts are normally conducted from November through January and
vary in size from 10-15 hunters to more than 100 hunters with drivers, beaters
and well trained hunting dogs.
Figure 1 “Photo” Over 100 hunters, drivers and dog handlers at Hessen NATO Hunt receiving hunt instructions on 28 November 2009, one of the largest single drive hunts in Germany.
Drive hunts, or social hunts, are often known as Gesellschaftjagd. The basic
hunting tactic employed during social hunts (Treib and Drueckjagd) is to push game
passed the hunters. The hunters are either in an Ansitz (wooden hunting high
seat) or standing at key locations to cut off the game as they attempt to
escape the area being driven. The Jagdherr, drive hunt manager, usually has an
expected number of game that he wants harvested.
Treibjagd differs from Drueckjagd: the Treibjagd is high pressure
action on the game, where game is pushed in a very aggressive manner; as rapidly
as possible in a direction that passes a set of pre-positioned hunters. The
hunting group normally consists of a large number of hunters. Usually more than
50 total personnel will make up the hunting party (10-20 hunters, 10-20 beaters
and 10-14 well trained dogs). The goal of the Treibjagd is to harvest as much
game possible. This hunt seldom lasts more than 3 hours.
A Drueckjagd is mostly conducted for Deer and Boar hunting. Hunters are normally positioned in hunting
stands (Ansitz) but sometimes they are also stationed in pre-determined
standing positions near known traveled game trails or crossings. The hunts are
conducted using a small number of beaters and only short legged dogs that move
slowly through the woods in order for the game to coast forward, with low pressure,
toward the hunters. Hunters are
often instructed prior to the beginning of this hunt exactly what game is
desired, the slow tempo ensures positive identification and selection of the
Key points of Drive Hunt Protocol:
- A key aspect for hunters,
especially American hunters, to remember when you are invited to this type of
hunt is that the social hunt invitation is an honor. Invitations to these
events are not just handed out, but are in fact a form of introduction to the
German inner hunting society. If a person is invited they should make every effort
possible to attend.
- At a Social Hunt you
should always remember that the Jagdherr is the hunter in charge. He controls
the hunt by identifying which game will be taken and the length of the hunt
(start and stop time). Traditionally, the commands for drive hunts are
transmitted by horn. Different songs are played with Jagdhorner to start the
hunt and at the end of the hunt “Hahn in Ruh” is sounded. Today this has
been replaced somewhat by an exact start time or the hunters can begin hunting
once they have clearly identified the hunters to the right and left of their
shooting position. When the hunt ends is normally established prior to the beginning
of the hunt. It is very important to make sure that you pay strict attention
and don’t shoot past the established end time. Finishing shots on wounded
animals are permitted.
- In most cases the
Jagdherr will designate a person responsible to supervise field dressing of the
game. The game taken is normally sold to local restaurants so the Jagdherr
makes sure all sanitary procedures are followed. He usually assigns a trusted
agent to control this process.
- During a Social hunt, the
use of Orange warning vests or jackets is a requirement.
- If you are a first time
invitee, you are expected to attend the Kesseltreiben, an informal
Another hunting tradition that is expected of drive (social) hunt participants is attendance at the game
layout ceremony at the completion of a successful hunt. The game layout consists
of all the harvested game being laid out by game category. And the layout will
be dependent on whether it is a big or small game display. The layout is called
the Strecke. Traditionally the appropriate hunting horn music is blown to honor
the game on display.
The Jagdherr honors the successful hunters during the Strecke by
presenting each with a shooter branch, which is worn on the right side of the
hat. When presenting the branch, the Jagdherr will say, “Waidmannsheil”
and the hunter will reply with, “Waidmannsdank”.
Figure 2 “Photo” Bob Bowe and Doc Mann with their hunter’s branch at the Hessen NATO Hunt Hunter’s Award Ceremony, 28 November 2009.
It is also important as part of this ceremony, for the hunter to take
off his hat when receiving the branch from the Jagdherr and all hunters will
remove their hat when the horn blower plays “End of the Hunt” (Jagd Vorbei) and
Following the hunter honoring ceremony, the actual social part of the
hunting ceremony begins with the Kesseltreiben. This informal dinner is where
the hunters enjoy some social time together over a beer and a small meal. They
share hunting stories from the day’s hunt and get to know one another, often rekindling
old friendships or making new hunting friends and discussing upcoming hunts.
I have been invited to more future hunts and been made aware of
additional hunting opportunities through my attendance at post hunt social dinners
than through all of my formal invitations.
I hope this article helped you understand some of the details of the
social hunt in Europe, specifically the Treibjagd and Drueckjagd. The next
article in the series will be, “A Rabbit Treibjagd – The Ferrets Are
Figure 3 “Photo” German hunting tradition dictates that the horn blowers play, “Honor to the fallen game” following a drive hunt.
Figure 4 “Photo” Drive Hunt (Drueckjagd) Strecke in St. Martin, Germany.